Are Satellite Cities the Key to Achieving a Sustainable Urban Future?
Over the years, we have seen small towns outside the shimmering metropolis grow into satellite cities. Experts say that these cities are the key to a sustainable urban future.
Satellite cities are planned cities that are somewhat connected to a metropolis via road networks or major railways. To somehow counter the pace of urban sprawl, satellite nodes should have enough jobs to support their resident populations.
The Vision of Satellite Cities
The idea is to provide people with the same opportunities and luxuries of living in a big city. At the same time, the city should somehow embody the tight-knit community found in small towns. Most satellite cities follow a grid plan consisting of a city center surrounded by parks and entertainment areas. Surrounding the center are residential developments and smaller towns.
Most satellite cities are transport-oriented, which means that they stem from an existing major highway that connects the town to the metropolis. Manufacturing and industry are the biggest employers, and housing options are available to all. Residents will have a range of options to get around the city, including bike-sharing and free bus services.
Since housing costs drive urban sprawl, satellite cities focus their efforts on building affordable homes and making mortgage options, such as fixed-rate home mortgage and government-funded loans, available to all.
Towards a Sustainable Future
In terms of food, most of the produce and products that residents find in the market are sourced locally or from nearby towns. The idea is to provide enough support for local businesses and producers so that the city can become self-sufficient in the future.
Many satellite cities are also developing renewable energy infrastructure such as solar and wind farms and geothermal plants. The vision is to create a self-sufficient and carbon-free city where all residents can have jobs and homes.
Higher education is another reason why people move to big cities. To compensate for that, learning universities are developed and funded to attract local students. Australia is one of the countries in the developed world to have succeeded in developing satellite cities but the United States have been catching up too.
Satellite cities are increasing rapidly across the country using sustainable models to accommodate future population growth. Soon enough, these cities will become strong, self-sufficient communities.